Tyre Puncture Guide
In a hurry, you leave home and are rushing to an important meeting and all of a sudden your car slows down and starts pulling to one side and you hear the flapping noise that the tyre is making - oh no! You have a flat tyre!
Sooner or later, it is inevitable and bound to happen to anyone. These days, there are companies providing the service of fixing your flat tyres but knowing the job yourself is always handy and you never know when you need to get down and dirty, replacing your punctured tyres. To make it easier for us and since it’s a common incidence; automakers have given it their best shot to make it an easy task which can be done by anyone and everyone.
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Be it a normal or a tubeless tyre, to drive with a puncture is not just impossible but it will damage the car and possibly cause accidents too. Taking it to a puncture shop is the easiest thing to do but there are times when you need to know how to do it.
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And this article will guide you to do just that:
- Find a safe stop to park your vehicle. You need to make sure that the spot you find is a flat surface because you need to jack up the car. Jacking up the car on a hill or a slope will definitely cause bigger problems.
- Turn your hazard lights on (your parking lights that is)
- In case you have a manual transmission, engage your car into the first gear. In an automatic transmission, shift the gear to "park" position.
- To know more about the positions of an automatic transmission vehicle, read the blog on Indian Blue Book Blog
- A heavy object needs to be placed in front of the front tyre and behind the rear tyre.
- All vehicles come with tools to help fix the puncture and these are kept in the boot.
- Head to the boot, take out the spare tyre and jack.
- The jack needs to be placed under the frame of the vehicle and should be in contact with the metal part of the car, close to the punctured tyre. The right placement can be tricky and you can always refer to the owner’s manual in case of any doubts.
- Some cars have a marking as to where the jack needs to be placed, either behind the front wheel or in front of the back wheels.
- After the jack is placed in the right spot, raise it till the point that it’s supporting the vehicle but not lifting it at the same time. Also pay close attention to the fact that the jack needs to be perpendicular to the ground.
- Now remove the hubcap. By turning it counter clockwise, the nuts can be loosened. They need not be removed fully but only loosened to the point where the resistance breaks. The idea of not raising the vehicle entirely is that when you are performing this step, you know that you are loosening the nuts and not just rotating the wheel.
- To loosen the nuts, use a wrench. Generally it comes with the vehicle. The exact size wrench will fit right in and ease the process.
- It’s quite tough to loosen the lug nuts and hence using your body weight is suggested to turn the wrench counter clockwise. But make sure you don’t loosen them entirely and just break the resistance. You’ll find out why soon enough.
- Now it’s time to pump up the jack so that the tyre is lifted off the ground high enough so that the punctured tyre can be swapped with the spare.
- The car needs to be completely stable at this point, if unstable or shaky, lower the jack and attend to the problem before proceeding.
- The jack needs to lift the car straight. If it is at an angle, then that needs to be tended to, and repositioned.
- A spare jack is always recommended. In case the primary jack fails, the secondary smaller jack can be put to use. This makes if foolproof.
- Fully loosen the nuts by rotating them counter clockwise and remove all the nuts completely.
- Remove the punctured tyre and place it under the car so that if the jack gives way, the vehicle will come crashing down on the already damaged wheel. If all the above steps are taken care of, you don’t have any reason to fear.
- If the tyre does not come off completely, it means it’s rusted and you need to hit it to loosen it.
- Place the spare tyre on the hub and align the rim of the spare tyre with the wheel bolts and only then fix the lug nuts back on.
- Make sure you have fixed the tyre the right way and not backwards – A doughnut tyre’s valve stem should face outwards and away from the automobile.
- Tighten all the lug nuts with the help of a wrench, until they are tightly fixed. Also, all of the nuts should be equally tight.
- The lug nuts need to be tightened once again when the car has been lowered to the ground.
- Without applying too much weight on the tyre, lower the car to the ground and completely tighten the nuts.
- After the car is lowered to the ground – remove the jack, tighten the nuts and replace the hubcap.
- Last but not least, take all the tools and the old tyre and put them in your truck and now, you are ready to go!
Who would have thought that’s it’s so simple to change a punctured tyre – our thoughts exactly. Next time you’re stuck on the road, and need to get things done quickly, you will remember IBB’s article which helped you get on with changing your tyre in a simple and hassle-free process.